Identification & Control of Tomato Russet Mite

by Dr. Raymond Cloyd

 

There are a number of insect and/or mite pests that may attack greenhouse-grown tomatoes including the tomato russet mite (Aculops lycopersicii). Adults of this mite are less than 0.3 mm in length and are robust, wedge-shaped, and somewhat tapered, resembling cigars with the head and legs located on one end of the body. They also possess two pairs of legs (four total), which is very different from other mites that normally have eight legs. Tomato russet mite varies in color from translucent, yellow, brown or tan, to pink. Under a microscope (100X power), heavy infestations Tomato Russet Mitesof the tomato russet mite may appear as dust or mold.

 

Females lay eggs on leaf undersides, on leaf petioles, or on stems near the lower portions of plants. The nymphs that hatch from eggs, which look similar to adults, tend to congregate on leaf edges. Nymphs eventually transition into adults. The life cycle from egg to adult is usually completed in one week under warm temperatures (?80ºF or 26ºC). Lower plant portions that are heavily-infested or damaged may cause mites (both adults and nymphs) to migrate to new, young leaves. Tomato russet mite populations may spread from plant-to-plant via wind currents or when plant leaves are touching. This mite prefers warm, dry environmental conditions, and may be most abundant from April through September.

 

Tomato russet mite mainly feeds on greenhouse and/or outdoor grown vegetables in the Solanaceae family including eggplant, peppers, potatoes, and tomatoes. Both the adults and nymphs possess piercing-sucking mouthparts, and feed primarily on stems and the undersides of lower leaves, which causes leaf bronzing. In addition, leaves may turn yellow, wither or curl upward, dry-up, and fall off plants. The damage caused by tomato russet mite typically starts on the lower leaves, and then progresses upward. The type of damage caused by this mite may resemble a nutritional deficiency, plant disease, or water stress.

 

In order to reduce potential problems with tomato russet mites it is important to remove weeds from the garden, and from within and around the greenhouse exterior. Many weeds are a source of infestation especially those in the night-shade or potato family such as field bindweed (Convulvulus Morgan County Seedsarvensis) and jimson weed (Datura stramonium). Also, be sure to inspect plants routinely, which may prevent outbreaks from occurring. Pesticides or miticides that may have activity on tomato russet mite include sulfur, endosulfan (Thiodan), and petroleum-based horticultural oils. Be sure to thoroughly spray leaf undersides because this is where most of the life stages (eggs, nymphs, and adults) are located. It is important to read the label to determine if tomato russet mite populations may actually be “controlled” or suppressed by a particular material. Heavily-infested plants should be discarded immediately.

 

There are several predatory mites that are commercially available, which may feed on populations of tomato russet mite. Be sure to consult with a biological control supplier for more information. So, be on the look-out for this mite in order to ensure that you have a viable crop of “juicy” tomatoes during the season.

 

Dr. Raymond A. Cloyd is a Professor and Extension Specialist in Ornamental Entomology/Integrated Pest Management in the Department of Entomology at Kansas State University. He can be contacted at:

 

Dr. Raymond A. Cloyd

Kansas State University

123 Waters Hall

Manhattan, KS 66506

P – 785.532.4750

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Facebook

Q & A


Do you have a Gardening Question for Barbara Sue Schubert?Click here to submit your question.

Free Subscription

Click Here for a FREE Subscription to Garden & Greenhouse Magazine

Featured Products

  • Default
  • Title
  • Date
  • Random
  • TurboGrow

    The TurboGrow™ Aeroponic Fog Grow System helps growers move from cutting to bloom with ease and versatility. Many growers agree
    Read More
  • Solexx™

    Solexx™ hobby greenhouses are designed for users to get the most use out of their greenhouse. The 36" aisles allow
    Read More
  • VegiBee

    VegiBee Garden Pollinators are innovative gardening tools that ensure increased vegetable yields for greenhouse, hydroponic and home food gardeners. VegiBee
    Read More
  • BioGuardian

    BioGuardian™ Trays are designed to be a high performance, low maintenance grow tray. The manufacturer reports their “Clean Surface Technology”
    Read More