Plant Name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Common Names: Hibiscus, China Rose
Light Needs: High light
Best Temperatures: Warm conditions between 60-70ºF (16-21ºC)
Water and Humidity Needs: Keep soil moist
Growing Guidelines: Grow in well-drained, soil-based mix and repot every 2-3 years in the spring. Fertilize with a 3-1-2 fertilizer twice a month.
Common Problems: Whiteflies and mealybugs
Propagation: Stem cuttings in spring
Comments: It can be cut down to 4 inches in the spring to stop the plant from becoming leggy
Hibiscus is the National Flower of Malaysia and is the native flower of Hawaii. It is considered the Queen of the Tropics and grows wild in many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate regions around the world.
It is a diverse genus made up of roughly 220 species of annuals, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, subshrubs,
and trees and has been cultivated for centuries. The name ‘Hibiscus’ comes from hibiskos, the old Greek name for the common marshmallow. The most commonly grown species is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, which means China Rose. They have large, flat, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped flowers, with five petals, ranging from white to pink, red, purple or yellow. The petals range in size from 1 ½ inches to 6 inches wide.
Hibiscus is native to the tropical region of Asia, and tends to grow in wet or swampy areas. Many plants of this family are useful ornamentally, while some are also sources of fiber, food, and medicine. Hibiscus tea is caffeine free, with a unique, delicious taste. It is distinctive, vibrant, with a natural color, and is rich in Vitamin C. The flowers are busy members of the mallow family with hundreds of different hibiscus species. The flowers are large and brightly colored, shaped like a horn or trumpet, and some species will change color as they age. The most popular and conspicuous use for the flowers is decorative, with other uses being for cooking in herbal teas, and for garnishing. Besides being used for ornamental purposes, some hibiscus varieties have specific uses ranging from industrial uses to medicinal uses.