Common Name: Passion Flowers
Light: High light with at least 4 hours of sun each day.
Best Temperature: 60ºF (16ºC) or warmer.
Water and Humidity: Keep the soil moist while plants are growing and reduce watering in the fall and winter.
Growing Guidelines: Use all-purpose soil mix and replace the top 2 inches of soil every year. Fertilize passion flowers twice a month from spring to summer.
Common Problems: The flower buds may drop if they are not receiving enough light.
Propagation: Stem cuttings or seeds.
Additional Comment: Hand pollination is usually required to get fruit production on some vines.
Nine out of about 400 passionflower plants (Passiflora spp.) grow in the United States, where they thrive in plant hardiness zones 6 through 11. The exotic flowers attract a number of butterflies and insects. Passionflowers need filtered full sun or partial shade to produce the best flowers.
Passion Flowers measure about 3 inches in diameter and are commonly red, purple, blue, pink, white or variegated. The exotic passionflower features five sepals, five petals, two thin rings above the reproductive organs, five stamens, three stigmas and three leaves. These features have been used since the 1500s as symbols in Christianity to tell the story of Christ’s crucifixion, which is commonly referred to as “The Passion.”
The fruit of Passion Flower may be eaten fresh or used in teas, which is said to alleviate stress and anxiety. In tropical climates the Passion Flower blooms throughout the year. Blue Passion Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees and birds.