If you are looking to increase your houseplant collection there are several easy propagation methods that can be used. There are also some basic concepts that will increase your success no matter which propagation method you use.
1. Always use clean sharp utensils that have been sterilized in alcohol.
2. Always use a healthy parent plant. Cuttings taken from a sick or dying plant are doomed to fail.
3. Rooting hormone helps roots develop; but too much is worse than none at all.
4. Using a rooting hormone that contains a fungicide to help prevent plant diseases.
5. The rooting medium should be light and fast draining. If you purchase new construction sand, vermiculite, peat moss, or perlite, it can be used directly from the bag. Medium taken from any other source should be sterilized by heating it in the oven at 200 degrees for 30 minutes.
6. Sterilize they pots or containers for the new plants. They must be clean and free of old soil and plant material.
7. Use very small containers when you propagate to prevent over watering and help with root development.
8. If possible, use soil rather than water to propagate plants.
9. Indirect light and temperatures between 70-80 degrees are best for propagation.
10. Never allow the soil of newly propagated plants to dry out, but on the other hand, the soil should never be soggy.
11. To increase the humidity and keep the soil from drying out place newly propagated plants into a plastic bag and seal the top or cover the plants with a sheet of plastic. You can use small picks or sticks to keep the plastic from resting on the plants.